Many liquids and flowable solids can be transported without being placed in any container. Some of the solid bulk cargoes are: Mineral sprouts, fertilizer, coal, limestone, cement, all types of grain, flour, chemicals, sugar. Liquid materials are petroleum products, vegetable oils, rubber raw materials, liquid gases, chemicals, wine, fruit juices, milk, water and beer.
Crude oil and petroleum products take the largest place in tonnage in bulk cargo transportation. Secondly, grain transportation comes. Cereal transport is replaced by mine sprouts as the metal requirement increases.
Instead of packaging and packaging, the most important benefit of transport in open heaps is that it is economical. Both packaging is not used and the packaging work is eliminated. In addition, in bulk cargo, loading and unloading can be done more quickly, ships lose less time in ports and thus make more trips.